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An actual mine site is just one point in a long line of activity before and after the digging starts. It is also at the centre of a geographical web of transportation routes (roads/barges/air access routes), energy infrastructure (dams/ power lines), tailings ponds, waste rock piles, and processing plants. In the right place - and with the right company, new technologies ...
Water is essential to life on our planet. A prerequisite of sustainable development must be to ensure uncontaminated streams, rivers, lakes and oceans. As Canadians, we often take the presence of clean water for granted, forgetting its importance and assuming that it is always available. Unfortunately, the law and technology to protect this vital resource remains far from perfect. Increasingly, human activities threaten the water sources on which we all depend. Mining is one such activity. In fact, water has been called "mining's most common casualty." There is growing awareness of the...
The most extreme environmental impacts of mining occur in and around mines, yet the impacts may begin well ahead of any real production. The cumulative impacts of exploration can be extensive. The mining industry suggests that the ratio of exploration programs to successful mines is 1,000:1. Clearly, this means considerable human activity, machinery and fuel being transported into a broad area of backcountry by road or by air. Exploration impacts include roadways, camps, and abandoned equipment and supplies like the fuel drums shown here. In 1995, the total amount of land staked for new...
More than any other human activity, mining has been the impetus for industrial development of wilderness areas in British Columbia. Some of the most immediate and extreme impacts of mineral development are felt by wildlife. At the exploration stage, impacts range from habitat disruption through road construction and attendant hunting and poaching to pollution impacts ...
Canada is a major source of mineral investment worldwide. In 1996, Canadian mining companies raised over $7 billion for domestic and foreign mining projects on the Canadian securities markets. This figure represents almost 50% of the world's exploration dollars. Mining companies are often divided into two groups: seniors and juniors. The "senior" Canadian companies ...
Some of the most significant direct and indirect impacts of mining result from the construction of exploration and mining roads. Roads and unlimited access have a negative impact on wilderness areas in four ways: Habitat Fragmentation Roads disrupt calving/rearing grouds, key forage areas, movement and migratory ...
Industry, labour, government, and environmentalists agree on one issue: that Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is the number one environmental problem facing the mining industry. Acid Mine Drainage: devastates fish and aquatic habitat, is virtually impossible to reverse with existing technology, and once started, costs millions of dollars annually to treat and can continue for centuries.