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The Mining Association of Canada report makes it clear that the industry feels it has to respond to growing concerns of Canadians about environment and impacts of mining. However, the report does nothing to reassure us about the effectiveness of voluntary emission reductions. The data in the MAC Report is based on the ARET (Accelerated Reduction/ Emission of Toxic Substances) program that was launched by government and industry in 1994. This program created a voluntary program for emission reduction. Companies are responsible for collecting and reporting their own data. There is no external...
What is INCO? PT Inco produces raw nickel (80% of which is exported to Japan). The company mines ninety percent of the nickel produced in Indonesia. Inco large nickel reserves have averaged a production rate of 150 million pounds per year for the past 20 years. In 1996 there were 108 million tons of laterite nickelforous estimated to be lying inside the Soroako mining area. Another large amount of nickel reserves found in the Bahudopi Block (Central Sulawesi Province) are believed to reach 180 million tons of nickel, and perhaps more in the Pomalla Block (South Sulawesi Province). The...
On November 23, 1999, the mining industry will hold its annual lobby on Parliament Hill. Emphasizing the role they play in Canada's economy, they will demand more government subsidy - through tax exemptions, grants and decreased user fees, access to as much land for as long as possible and weakened environmental regulations. But the mining industry's lobbyists and public relations experts are not telling the whole story. At MiningWatch Canada, we would like to advance some facts that suggest that mining comes with negative human, social and environmental costs to all Canadians. ...
The Export Development Corporation has been brought forcefully to our attention by communities and non-governmental organizations that have to deal with the impact of Canadian mining development abroad. They want to know what role Canadian institutions play in perpetuating the problems they face, and what — if anything — Canadian citizens are doing to support them.
On the weekend of September 10-12, 1999, MiningWatch Canada and the Innu Nation convened a gathering of representatives from aboriginal communities throughout Canada that had been affected by mining. The Innu wanted the gathering to share what they were learning through the environmental assessment and land rights negotiations with respect to the Voisey's Bay project, but it was also an opportunity for aboriginal groups to set an agenda for MiningWatch's work with them. A general invitation was sent out, and 32 communities and organisations eagerly responded. Eighty people came. The event was...
Next spring, MiningWatch Canada will bring together 30 leaders from communities affected by Canadian mining companies around the world to share their stories and develop a framework for research projects located in their experience of mining in all its stages. A video and booklet will also come out of the meeting. Community representatives will be invited from Peru, Chile, Guyana, Nicaragua, Mexico, Kyrgyzstan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Ghana and South Africa, as well as from communities in the United States and Canada. The format of the seminar will be very participatory, and translation...
The Canadian Export Development Agency (EDC) provides public financing and political risk insurance to Canadian companies investing in large-scale projects overseas. In 1997, EDC worked with 3,711 customers in 145 global markets. It is a federal crown corporation. EDC projects have enormous human and environmental impact. Some of the world's worst environmental disasters have involved Canadian firms financed by EDC. The Ok Tedi Mine received $88 million in EDC export credits. The Omai mine in Guyana, the Three Gorges Dam in China and the Kumtor Mine in Kyrgyzstan have all received EDC support...
This past Spring, Natural Resources Canada (a.k.a. NRCan) initiated a multi-stage, multi-stakeholder process that MiningWatch Canada has been involved in. The first stage, which is ongoing, is meant to discern 'Canadian values' that might inform indicators that will measure 'progress' in the mining sector with respect to sustainable development. MiningWatch's participation has focused on the need for a broader underlying and collective 'vision' of sustainability, and specifically on 'sustainability' with respect to mining, to inform this project. MiningWatch has argued that indicators to...
Daniel Ashini
With few exceptions, Aboriginal people across Canada and around the world are witnessing an incredible change on their lands. Mining and related activities, forestry and hydroelectric developments are just a few of the changes that we have seen, but they are among the most destructive.
The six case studies presented in this document provide an overview of how aboriginal communities have come to terms with mining and mineral exploration in their territories. Each case study includes a brief summary of the project or problem, followed by a description of how it is being addressed, and then concludes with lessons learned. Case studies about the Innu Nation, the Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation, the Tahltan First Nation, the Little Salmon Carmacks First Nation, Makivik Corporation, and the Nishnawbi-Aski Nation are presented.