Backgrounder for a presentation to the 2005 North American Indigenous Mining Summit by Joan Kuyek, National Co-ordinator, MiningWatch Canada. "There is no one 'Canadian Mining Law'. Mining is largely provincial and territorial jurisdiction. Coal, uranium, and quarries all have separate and different laws from metal mining...Mining laws have been set up to protect the interests of the mining industry and to minimize the conflicts between mining companies by giving clarity to who owns what rights to mine. They were never intended to control mining or its impact on land or people."